Maybe Trevor Paglen saw the future when he thought that ‘Anything humans can do in space, robots can do better.’
This thought is the foundation of revolution in technology and enhancement of the manufacturing industry. This gave birth to the four generations in the Industrial Revolution, and now we are standing at the door of the evolution of the fifth generation in technological advancement.
In this fifth generation, robots are becoming the helping hand of humans in manufacturing, increasing productivity and reducing workload.
Robots have become a way of intelligent work ensuring quality. The Internet of Things, big data, and cloud computing are the key factors in the evolution of technology and are making way for new and innovative ideas.
Yes, technology can do things better than humans, but it is also a fact that technology is the invention of humans. So, technology never surpasses the thoughts and ability to think, something unique to humans.
Technology makes things better, but a human touch can make it better.
The fifth generation of technology aims to merge those cognitive computing capabilities with human Intelligence and resourcefulness in collaborative operations.
The pairing of human and machine workers opens the door to countless opportunities in manufacturing.
As it is an emerging technology and research is happening in different sections and innovations, this technology is still unique and effortless.
Elon Musk, CEO of Tesla, is one of the most impactful personalities in the world; he also agrees that ‘Humans are underrated.’ He also confessed that ‘excessive automation” at his company was a mistake.
Keeping in mind that technology is made to help humans, not to replace them, the aim of Industry 5.0 is to support humanity in manufacturing.
Robots can work faster than humans and complete the assigned task in time or before. Humans work at their speed, but this never means that robots or machines will be designated in the place of humans because they are not flexible enough to adapt to themselves. Humans can do it better because they can think and make decisions.
Robots work on the command of humans; they do as they are asked.
So, the robots are assistance to humanity; they collaborate and coordinate. Robots can fulfill their designated purpose of providing aid.
Universal Robots uses the term “cobots” for collaborative robots to emphasize the importance of people in robotic technology.
Robots are invented to make the work convenient and intelligent. The third uniqueness of Industry 5.0 is that it eliminates the complexity of work by just pressing a button.
A giant machine can perform different tasks simultaneously in the production process.
If you upgraded your manufacturing unit with automation, then there is no way to go back to your traditional way of manufacturing. As time passes, your need for advanced automation increases day by day.
Once you’ve used technology, there’s no point in reverting.
Let’s look at the last four generations of the manufacturing industry.
It started in the early 19th century. This is the century when mechanization was created. The world is witnessing the birth of the first Industrial Revolution, such as the mechanization of manual tasks through water and steam power.
As the 19th century progressed, electricity became the driving force behind Industry. In the second generation of the Industrial Revolution, advancements in manufacturing, including the assembly line and electrical power distribution, took place.
The 20th century marked the arrival of Industry 3.0, in which computers and automation began to dominate manufacturing. In this phase, digital transformation introduced programmable logic controllers (PLCs) and computer-aided design (CAD) systems. This streamlined production processes and boosted precision.
As technology upgraded, the cyber world emerged, ushering in cyber-physical systems. It connects the physical and digital worlds using technologies like the IoT and artificial Intelligence (AI).
This technological connection between the physical and digital worlds creates intelligent factories and competent workers.
The next chapter in this journey is Industry 5.0 manufacturing. It’s not just about automation but about harmonizing human knowledge and technology. In Industry 5.0, machines are not replacing humans; it’s about the coordination between machines and humans working together perfectly, with IT as the bridge between them.
There are some key features, or you can consider them as the foundation stone of Industry 5.0.
The Internet of Things is responsible for Data Connectivity, Real-Time Monitoring, and Predictive Maintenance. Data connectivity allows manufacturing to discover new trends. Real-time monitoring eliminates the repetitive task. Predictive Maintenance analyzes historical data to predict when equipment will likely fail.
Artificial Intelligence helps in data analysis and identification of patterns, anomalies, and trends in the market. It optimized the production processes by adjusting variables in real time to maximize efficiency, minimize waste, and enhance the quality of products.
Perfect use of technology needs proper training for humans. Otherwise, the complex programming will lead to the inadaptability of technology. Augmented Reality can be used to train employees, especially in complex manufacturing processes.
It also eliminates the need for an expert to be physically present everywhere; AR allows remote experts to provide guidance.
Past mistakes, faults, and problems are required to evolve the technology to make it more effective and convenient. Along with this, in the manufacturing process, information is necessary to resolve any production issue. Industry 5.0 makes storing information for future use easy and efficient. It offers a scalable and cost-effective solution for keeping the enormous amounts of data generated in manufacturing.
Real-time decision-making and running AI and machine learning algorithms need computational power to process large datasets, and cloud storage is also feasible in data processing.
Big Data Analytics gives deep data insights to the manufacturers. It helps identify inefficiencies, track product performance, and understand customer preferences. With Big Data Analytics, manufacturers can predict future trends and make informed decisions.
Digital analytics and transformation enhance productivity and streamline manufacturing processes.
Customers always like it if the company takes care of them. With the help of IT, companies can develop personalized products by customizing them and establishing an emotional connection with customers.
Human resources are efficient but costly because they involve hard work and strength. But machines are expensive only once when they are installed. Machines perform different tasks simultaneously, so it automatically reduces the cost of production.
Robots and machines work on the preset instructions and commands. Once you set the quality and safety levels of the product, it automatically detects the underrated products in the production line. This form of automation ensures quality.
Industry 5.0 allows manufacturers to monitor their processes in real time and learn about the new trends in the market. Real-time monitoring helps to beat the competition.
Albert Einstein once said, ‘It has become appallingly obvious that our technology has exceeded our humanity.’ After knowing the benefits and uniqueness of Industry 5.0, it is proved that technology is fulfilling its overall purpose seamlessly.
But does it exceed humanity or not? Only time will tell us. Till then, manufacturers can enjoy the benefits of IoTs, big data, cloud computing, and data analytics to improve the quality of their products.
From the birth of mechanization to the complete automation of production lines, it shows that technology is evolving speedily and is still going on. As the demand for technology increases, advancement in the program also increases. Hence, it proves one of the laws of economics: ‘There is a visa versa relationship between the demand and supply.’ As the demand for technology increases, its evolution takes place.